Comprehensive Lab Testing
The comprehensive lab test is an advanced blood test. The test checks for various diseases including diabetes, hepatitis, STDs and more. Below are a list of various tests included during comprehensive lab testing:
Complete Blood Count Test (CBC)
The CBC is used as a broad screening test to check for such disorders as anemia, infection, and many other diseases. It is a panel of tests that examines different parts of the blood including white blood cell count, white blood cell differential, red blood cell count, hemoglobin, hematocrit, platelet count, and more.
It is a very common test. Many patients will have baseline CBC tests to help determine their general health status.
Lipid Profile Test
The lipid profile is a group of tests that are often ordered together to determine risk of coronary heart disease. They are tests that have been shown to be good indicators of whether someone is likely to have a heart attack or stroke caused by blockage of blood vessels or hardening of the arteries.
The TSH Test is ordered to screen for and help diagnose thyroid disorders and to monitor treatment of hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. There is no consensus within the medical community as to the age adult screening should begin; however, newborn screening is widely recommended.
The Free T4 test is a newer test that replaced the total T4 and is used to help diagnose hyper and hypothyroidism. In addition, a Free T4 or TSH test may be ordered to help evaluate a patient with a goiter and to aid in the diagnosis of female infertility.
Magnesium Test (Mg)
Magnesium test is used to evaluate the level of magnesium in your blood. Magnesium is a mineral that is found in every cell of your body and it is vital to energy production, muscle contraction, nerve function, and maintenance of strong bones.
Abnormal levels of magnesium are most frequently seen in conditions or diseases that cause impaired or excessive excretion of magnesium by the kidneys or that cause impaired absorption in the intestines. Magnesium levels may be checked as part of an evaluation of the severity of kidney problems and/or of uncontrolled diabetes and may help in the diagnosis of gastrointestinal disorders.
The ESR is an easy, inexpensive, nonspecific test that has been used for many years to help diagnose conditions associated with acute and chronic inflammation, including infections, cancers, and autoimmune diseases. ESR is helpful in diagnosing two specific inflammatory diseases, temporal arteritis and polymyalgia rheumatica.
Liver Panel Test (LPT)
A liver panel, also known as liver (hepatic) function tests or LFT, is used to detect, evaluate, and monitor liver disease or damage. It usually consists of seven tests that are run at the same time on a blood sample. One or more of these tests may be ordered when symptoms suspicious of a liver condition are noticed.
The CRP test is useful in assessing patients with:
- Inflammatory bowel disease
- Some forms of arthritis
- Autoimmune diseases
- Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
- CRP may be used to screen apparently healthy people for coronory heart disease and cardiovascular disease.
Testestarone Test (if indicated)
Testosterone testing is used to diagnose several conditions in men and women. These conditions include delayed or precocious (early) puberty in boys; decreased sex drive in men and women; erectile dysfunction in men; infertility in men and women; testicular tumors in men; hypothalamus or pituitary disorders; and hirsutism and virilization in women.
Estrogen Test (if indicated)
Estrone tests may be done to aid in the diagnosis of an ovarian tumor, Turner's syndrome, and hypopituitarism in females. In males, it may help in the diagnosis of the cause of gynecomastia or in the detection of estrogen-producing tumors.
Progesterone (If indicated)
Since progesterone levels vary predictably throughout the menstrual cycle, multiple (serial) measurements can be used to help recognize and manage some causes of infertility. Progesterone can be measured to determine whether or not a woman has ovulated, to determine when ovulation occurred, and to monitor the success of induced ovulation.
PSA (If indicated)
If prostate cancer is diagnosed, the PSA test may be used as a monitoring tool to help determine the effectiveness of treatment. It may also be ordered at regular intervals after treatment to detect recurrence of the cancer.